美得威
临床类专业 返回

方案一:出国深造

1、在国内完成5年或者7年的临床专业学习
2、与西医临床医学专业同学一样,申请国外院校与临床医学高度相关的硕士或博士专业,例如:病理学、生殖医学、转化医学、再生医学等
3、需要一定的科研经历(可以根据专业方向,安排科研实习)

推荐专业:
• Master’s of Science in Biomedical and Translational Science (MS-BATS)
School of Medicine/ University of California, Irvine(加州大学欧文分校) 
The Master’s of Science in Biomedical and Translational Science (MS-BATS) is an exciting clinical research training program at UC Irvine offered by the School of Medicine.  It is a flexible program designed to prepare scientists in the conduct of interdisciplinary clinical research.  It is aimed at junior faculty in clinical departments, fellows, residents, 4th year medical students, physicians and others with a solid basic science foundation who are interested in developing the skills needed to conduct, interpret, evaluate and apply clinical research.  This degree program is also appropriate for those with doctoral preparation in other disciplines who are interested in clinical research.  The recent rising interest in evidence-based medicine, comparative effectiveness research and the science of quality assessment and improvement, make the MS-BATS program particularly timely.  This program has been developed to address the acute needs for clinical researchers trained to meet the increasingly sophisticated demands of the clinical research environment. 
Interested graduate students wishing to apply for the Fall 2012 entrance into the program will need to apply by either January 17th, 2012 (for those wanting an admission decision prior to April 10th) OR apply by March 15th, 2012 (for those wanting an admission decision prior to June 1st).

• Masters program in Experimental and Molecular Pathology
Keck School of Medicine/ University of Southern California(南加州大学)
A Masters program in Experimental and Molecular Pathology provides the necessary theoretical and practical training to prepare students for positions as senior research staff, senior technicians in academic and industrial settings, or teachers in community colleges.
The Department of Pathology offers a program leading to the Master of Science degree in Experimental and Molecular Pathology. The two-year M.S. program provides training in the latest technologies and concepts of biomedical research and experimental pathology. 
The program prepares M.S. graduates for:
● Advanced research staff or technician positions in biotechnology firms, academic institutions and health departments/government
● Teaching positions at the community college level
● Further doctoral or medical (M.D.) studies
The program offers an experiment-based thesis option and a theory-based thesis option. Each student’s program will be tailored to suit individual needs and background.

• Cancer Biology Graduate Program
McArdle Laboratory for Cancer Research/ University of Wisconsin-Madison(威斯康星大学麦迪逊分校)
The Cancer Biology Graduate Program at the University of Wisconsin has its origins in the Ph.D. program in Oncology, which was established at the McArdle Laboratory for Cancer Research 70 years ago as the first graduate program in the U.S. to offer a degree in basic cancer research. The program now includes trainers from 16 departments on the UW campus. All students in good standing in the Cancer Biology Program are fully supported. During the past 70 years, more than 1800 women and men have received pre- or post-doctoral training through our program. Many of these alumni now hold faculty positions at universities throughout the United States and abroad, and most of the others are doing research at research institutes or in government or industry laboratories.
方案二:西医执业
五年制或七年制临床医学专业学生可以参加美国执业医师资格考试USMLE (United States Medical License Examination) 顺利通过USMLE考试之后可以选择留美行医,也可以选择回国行医。
其中可在国内完成Step1和Step2 Clinical Knowledge两部分考试,顺利通过后再到美国参加Step2 Clinical Skill和Step3两部分考试。

☆USMLE介绍
USMLE ( United States Medical License Examination), 美国执业医师资格考试。共分为三部分Step1,Step2(包括Clinical Knowledge和Clinical Skill)和Step3。
美国医学院学生在毕业之前会通过Step1和Step2,然后进入住院医培训阶段,并在期间完成Step3,最终取得在美国独立行医资格。在美国以外获得医学学位的国际医学毕业生(International Medical Graduate, IMG),如果希望在美国获得行医资格,也需要通过USMLE考试。对于IMG来说,在学生阶段或毕业之后均可以参加USMLE各步考试。
Step1 是基础医学考试,涵盖解剖、组织和胚胎、微生物和免疫、生化和遗传、生理、药理、病理及行为医学等内容,相对应于中国医学教育中的基础医学阶段。形象地说,即是从进入医学院到离开医学院进入教学医院前的,以学习"解剖学"为起点,"病理学"为终点的阶段。考试内容分成7个单元,每个单元46道题,一个小时。整个考试共有322道选择题,7个小时,外加一个小时的单元中间的休息时间,一共8个小时。step1的成绩被很多住院医师教学点当作选择的重要标准之一。因此如果想要申请的专科或教学点比较热门,那么你的USMLE成绩最好高一点,仅仅通过是远远不够的。

Step2 Clinical Knowledge 是临床医学考试(偏向考察学科知识),涵盖诊断、内、外、妇、儿、五官等全部临床学科内容,相对应于中国医学教育中的临床课和见习阶段。形象地说,即是从开始进入教学医院学习后到见习结束前。共有352道选择题,分8个单元,包括内科、外科、儿科、妇科、精神科等方面的临床知识。每单元一个小时,外加一个小时休息,共9个小时的考试。

Step2 Clinical Skill 是专门考察用英语采集病史、医患沟通技巧和病历书写能力的考试,考试覆盖各种常见病例。这类能力也是在见习、实习阶段获得的。在考试中,学生要面对12个由演员扮演的病人进行15分钟的问诊和检查,包括病人的病史、家族病史、免疫过敏、用药状况等等。然后用10分钟写病历,做初步的诊断和要求初步的化验和影像检查。

Step3 也是临床医学考试(偏向考察各科医学知识融汇和实际应用),涵盖Step1和Step2所有内容,以及在日常医学实践中的诊疗规范,相对应于中国医学教育中实习和住院医阶段。形象地说,就是开始在上级医师指导下管病人的阶段。
方案三:中医执业
1、在国内完成5年或者7年的临床专业学习
2、通过我国中医执业医师考试,获得有一定的临床经验
3、到美国、加拿大、欧洲、澳洲考取当地中医执业医师
4、实现中医海外执业

以美国为例,全美针灸和东方医学委员会(NCCAOM)负责颁发:针灸师执照(Acupuncture)、中医师执照(Oriental Medicine)、中药师执照(Chinese Herboiogy)。每年2-3次中医资格认定考试,在国内即可参加,5次考试失败后将不再拥有考试资格,考试通过获得相应执照(美国34个州承认、拥有自己的处方权、开业行医)



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